General off-road performance characteristics of the T-34 tank:
- Combat mass: 25.6 tons
- Ground pressure: 0.60 kg/cm²
- Contact surface length: 5219.3 mm
- Grouser height: 650 mm
- Effective power: 19.5 hp/ton
- Maximum grade and tilt traversable by the tank at low gears in winter or spring conditions:ObstacleGroundAngleLimitGradeSnow, 1.5 m deep, tank submerged to 400 mm15-16°At higher grades, the hull sits on the snow and the tracks slip.GradeMud with dirt cover, moist, tank submerged to 220 mm15-16°Tracks slipTiltSnow cover up to 1.6 m deep15°Slipping in the direction of tiltTiltMud with dirt cover, moist after snow melted15°Slipping in the direction of tilt
No cases of slipping or jamming tracks were observed during trials. Consider the track fixation mechanism reliable.
- Traverse of difficult terrain:TerrainCover depthTank submergedNoteDeep snowUp to 1800 mm420 mmIn first gearSwamped valley after melted snowUp to 430 mm360 mmIn first and second gear
The mobility of the T-34 on terrain that is swamped after snow melts is satisfactory.
- Breaking of trees and movement in the forest:
- Individual trees:Type of treeDiameter (mm)ConditionsResultGearAttemptsPine45713The tank could not knock over the tree, tracks slipped.Pine45721Knocked over.Pine60522Knocked over.Pine87931Tree broke, the falling tree broke the headlight and floodlight, damaged elevation mechanism gear teeth, bent fenders and mudguards.
The maximum thickness of a pine tree that can be knocked over by the tank in second gear is 600-700 mm. In third gear (with a running start) the T-34 can break pine trees up to 900 mm in thickness.
- Groups of trees:TypeNumberDiametersConditionsResultsGearAttemptsPine5255-41624The tank knocked over the group of trees and drove over the felled trees.Pine7309-44625The tank knocked over the group of trees and drove over the felled trees.
- Movement in the forest:
The T-34 can drive in first and second gear in areas of medium density with the majority of trees being 200-300 mm thick.
The T-34 tank has good mobility in the forest, in groups of trees, and against individual trees, greatly surpassing the BT-7M.
The robustness of the tank is overall sufficient. The weakest parts of the tank, which must be reinforced, are:
- Observation devices.
- Air intake shield actuator.
- L-11 gun elevation mechanism.
In addition to this, the crew must be protected from trauma when the tank hits a tree by means of removing sharp angles or protruding objects, introduction of soft padding (mostly around the head), and handles for bracing with hands.
MZP (hard to notice obstacle): the tank crosses a 40 meter long MZP at 3rd gear, with the wire wrapping itself around the suspension. The tank retains mobility and, while moving, partially frees itself of the wire.
Denting of rear mudguards is characteristic."
The tank crosses a 1.5 meter deep snow bank.
The tank is driving through a valley made swampy by melting snow.
The tank broke a pine tree 879 mm in diameter at third gear.
The tank is driving over felled trees.
The tank is traversing a group of pine trees 255-416 mm in diameter.
The tank is driving through an oak forest with 200-300 mm diameter trunks.
A hard-to-notice obstacle wrapped itself around the tank's tracks. The tank retains mobility.
"History of the T-34 tank" Memorial Museum Complex, Documentary Historical Collection #4